Tag Archives: Adolf Hitler

Ernst Hess: The Jew Saved by Hitler

Ernst Hess From Jewish Voice From Germany

Ernst Hess
From Jewish Voice From Germany

Adolf Hitler is a name that has become synonymous with evil. The atrocities committed under his fanatical Nazi government have become infamous. Needless to say, “Adolf Hitler” is not a name often associated with mercy, especially where Jews are concerned. However, there were some surprising instances where even Hitler put aside his monstrous hatred of the Jewish people and extended mercy, however brief, to certain individuals.

Such a case was confirmed in 2012 when Susanne Mauss, an editor with the Jewish Voice, discovered a note to the Dusseldorf Gestapo with an order from the Reich Chancellery  ordering that a judge by the name of Ernst Hess was not to be harassed in any way. The judge, whose despite being a Protestant was classified as a full-blooded Jew under Nazi Germany’s racial laws due to his mother being  a Jew, had received the personal protection of Adolf Hitler himself.

Before the letter, Hess suffered harassment from Nazis in Dusseldorf, once being on the receiving end of a beating by a gang of thugs. It got so bad that Hess had to move his family to South Tyrol, a region of Italy populated by Germans, to escape the growing persecution. The persecution of Jews during that time period is well known, but what separated Ernst Hess from the others was the fact that he had ties to top Nazis, including Hitler himself.

During World War I, Hess briefly served as Hitler’s superior officer in the List Regiment. Hitler retained a fondness for those he had served with during the war, even if few in the regiment remembered him. Hess, on the other hand, was well regarded by other veterans, and these ties might have been instrumental in getting him the temporary reprieve from the horrors of Nazi tyranny. One of Hess’ contacts was Fritz Wiedemann, who served as personal adjutant to Hitler from 1934 to 1939.Another was Hans Heinrich Lammers, who served as Head of the Reich Chancellery.

With these friends working in his favor, Hess was able to receive unusual leeway from top Nazis. He was able to have his pension transferred to Italy, to remove the red “J” marking him as a Jew from his passport and thus be able to travel, and to enjoy the general protection from persecution mentioned above.

Unfortunately, this protection only lasted until 1942. Hess was protected from deportation by virtue of being married to a German protestant. He worked in various forced labor camps until the end of the war in 1945. Hess’ family once believed the protection afforded him extended to them, but his mother and sister were both deported. His sister, Berta, died in Auschwitz, while his mother survived and eventually moved to Brazil to be with family.

As for Ernst Hess, he survived the war and was promptly offered another position as a judge. He declined, and went on to work as the President of the German Federal Railways Authority in Frankfurt/Main. He died on September 14th, 1983, at the age of 93.

 

Sources:

Associated Press. “’Hitler’s wish’ protected Jewish WWI vet.” FoxNews.com. July 6, 2012. Fox News. January 17, 2016. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/07/06/report-hitler-order-protected-jewish-wwi-veteran.html

Day, Matthew. “Adolf Hitler protected his Jewish former commanding officer.” Telegraph.co.uk. July 5, 2012. The Telegraph. January 17, 2016. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-two/9379575/Adolf-Hitler-protected-his-Jewish-former-commanding-officer.html

Mauss, Susanne. “Hitler’s Jewish Commander and Victim.” Jewish Voice From Germany.de. July 4, 2012. Jewish Voice From Germany. January 17, 2016. http://jewish-voice-from-germany.de/cms/hitlers-jewish-commander-and-victim/

 

Estrogen, Espionage, and The Plot to Turn Hitler Into a Woman

"Adolf Hitler-1933" by Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1990-048-29A / CC-BY-SA 3.0. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 de via Commons -

“Adolf Hitler-1933” by Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1990-048-29A / CC-BY-SA 3.0. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 de via Commons –

In the struggle against Nazi Germany, the Allies pursued any idea that seemed like it would give them an edge over their enemy, no matter how ludicrous it might have seemed. Of particular interest was any plan that would eliminate Adolf Hitler. Allied planners believed—rightly so—that killing or incapacitating Hitler would be a blow that Nazi Germany could not recover from.

However, killing the dictator of a highly militarized and paranoid society would not be an easy task. So some plans focused more on embarrassing and discrediting the Nazi leader. Most of this took the form of propaganda, but the most bizarre was the plot concocted by the British OSS (the Office of Strategic Services) to feminize Hitler by slipping estrogen into his food.

Research on sex hormones was in its infancy, but estrogen was already in use in London as a part of sex therapy. The thought was that estrogen would curb Hitler’s aggressive tendencies, and make him more like his sister, Paula, who was a mild-mannered secretary. There was also some among the Allies who questioned the dictator’s sexuality, and thought that changing his hormonal profile would swing him more toward homosexuality. This was partially due to the rumor, since debunked, that one of his testicles was blown off during his service in World War I. At the very least, planners hoped that the hormones might cause his voice to increase in pitch, perhaps making him a laughing stock in his own country.

The reason why the estrogen would be introduced into Hitler’s food was because there were spies in British employ who could have access to the dictator’s meals. Hitler employed food testers, so a lethal poison could be easily discovered, but estrogen is tasteless and its effect would be gradual enough to slip under the radar.

Even in its day, this plan was considered a long shot. There is no real evidence that steps were taken to implement it.  This was far from the only strange plot considered during Word War II, but it is perhaps the oddest.

 

Sources:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-two/8701034/Revealed-sex-hormone-plan-to-feminise-Hitler.html

https://books.google.com/books?id=tJkjWQINrOgC&pg=PA119&dq=hitler+sex+hormones&hl=en#v=onepage&q=hitler%20sex%20hormones&f=false

http://theweek.com/articles/482449/bizarre-plan-turn-hitler-into-woman

Welteislehre–The Cosmic Ice Theory

800px-Frozen_Wappinger_CreekEver since humans were first able to look up at the twinkling lights sprinkled across the dark tapestry of the night sky, they have speculated about the nature of the cosmos. Ancient mythology sought to explain the mysterious workings of the wider universe, often by personifying celestial objects as gods and goddesses.

As technology improved, the concept of the universe began to be based more upon data and experiment than mythology and superstition. However, the march of progress hardly proceeded along a straight line, and there were odd detours on the long road to the technology we enjoy today.

One such detour occurred early in the 20th century, a time of great scientific innovation. Einstein’s Theory of Relativity was redefining how people viewed the universe, laying the foundation for great discoveries to follow. Not everyone much liked Einstein’s work, however. Some groups found it…inconvenient, to say the least. The Nazis in particular disliked relativity, seeing it as “Jewish science.” They needed an alternative cosmology that was ideologically sound, which basically meant that it wasn’t discovered by a Jewish person.

Never ones to pass up a wacky idea, the Nazis found their cosmology in Welteislehre, the Cosmic Ice Theory.

 

In the beginning, there was ice…

Cosmic Ice Theory is the idea that our solar system originated from the collision of a dead, water-logged star with our sun. The resulting explosion shot water out in all directions. This water froze into blocks, which became the cosmic entities we can see today — the Moon, the planets, the stars, and particularly the Milky Way.

The theory goes on to explain how the solar system evolved after this ice-splosion, Basically, more debris got tossed further out, and these were swallowed up by the outer planets, thus accounting for their great size. Earth and the inner planets got thinner pickings, so they weren’t as large.

In addition, the Earth had several small moons, which over time fell into the planet and deposited layers of ice that became the geological strata. Cosmic Ice Theorists claim that such a process occurred five times before, and our current moon will eventually spiral in and crash into our planet. The last time this happened, so the story goes, the Great Flood occurred.

 

Less than scientific origins

Hanns Horbiger

Hanns Horbiger

The foundations of Cosmic Ice Theory were laid by Hanns Horbiger, an Austrian engineer and inventor. He was staring at the Moon one night when the idea occurred to him that its surface appeared so bright because it was composed of ice. This thought led to a dream where he floated in space, watching a giant pendulum swinging back and forth. It grew longer and longer as it swung, until it finally broke.

Somehow, this led him to conclude that Newton was wrong. The Sun’s gravitational pull only extended to three times the distance of Neptune. He elaborated on the idea with Phillip Fauth, an amateur astronomer, and the two published the completed theory in 1912, in a book called Glazial-Kosmogonie. No one paid much attention to the book initially. Naturally, astronomers thought the kooky theory was nothing but so much bunk.

So, after World War I, Horbiger switched strategies. He decided that Cosmic Ice Theory was not for the academics, but for the masses. He reasoned that once the theory gained a great deal of popular support. the scientific community could not help but accept the ‘truth’. Horbiger and his followers used every means available to them to spread Cosmic Ice Theory, including books, newspapers, pamphlets, and books. ‘Cosmotechnical’ societies sprang up, holding talks that attracted thousands.

It seemed that Cosmic Ice Theory was well on its way to general acceptance, despite the fact that there was no real scientific evidence to support it.

 

…and then there were Nazis

When Horbiger died in 1931, his followers found themselves at a crossroads. They decided that aligning themselves with the growing Nazi power would rush mainstream acceptance of their theory. Hitler and his Nazi compatriots were ripe for the picking. They needed their own cosmology to counter the emerging acceptance of relativity in the scientific community. As mentioned earlier, relativity was considered “Jewish science” due to the fact it was discovered by Einstein, a Jew.

The Nazi preoccupation with race also played into the Ice Theorist’s hands in another way. The Nazis believed themselves the descendents of the Aryan master race, Nordic peoples from the cold lands of the north. In their deluded minds, they came from the lands of ice and snow, so it only seemed appropriate that the world itself formed from ice.

 

Cosmic Ice Theory melts

Once the Third Reich went up on flames, Cosmic Ice Theory mostly faded from the cultural lime light. It turns out that hitching your wagon to one of the most reviled men in history makes for bad publicity. That, and the growing understanding of how the universe functioned made the Cosmic Ice Theory seem more and more ludicrous. Some few adherents still exist, just like there is still a community committed to the idea of a Flat Earth. When a fringe group believes it is the keeper of special knowledge, it will cling to that knowledge in spite of all evidence to the contrary. The identity as a group (or the identity of individuals in said group) depends on it. Which does a good deal to explain how such a bizarre idea got any traction, doesn’t it?

 

Sources:

Wessely, Christina. “Cosmic Ice Theory — science, fiction, and the public. 1894-1945.” mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de. 2011. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. Accessed on: January 28, 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/en/research/projects/DeptIII-ChristinaWessely-Welteislehre/index_html

“Welteishre.” Wikipedia.org. Novermber 26, 2013. Wikipedia. Accessed on: January 28, 2014. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welteislehre